Father Abel Couturier, "Liturgie Greque-Melkite", Imprimerie des RR. PP. Franciscains de Terre Sainte, (Jerusalem), 1912
Archbishop Neophytos Edelby, "Ketaab el Salaah",Manshourat el tagdid, Dir el malak Mekhail, El Zook (Lebanon), 1962
Archbishop Joseph Raya, "Byzantine Daily Worship", Alleluia Press, Allendale, (N.J.), 1969
Synaxarion, Found at www.Rongolini.com
The Apostolos, Alleluia Press, Allendale, (N.J.), 1980
The Divine and Holy Gospel Book, Alleluia Press, Allendale, (N.J.), 1979
Liturgical Committee of the Melkite Synod, "Ketaab el Liturgiat al Elahaia", 1992 & 2006
Bishop Robert M. Moskal, "The Sacrifice of Praise", U.S.A., 1996
Diocese of Newton, "Menaion", Sophia Press, U.S.A., 1992
Father David M. Petras, S.E.O.D., "Common Typicon", Eastern Christian Publications, Fairfax (Virginia), 1995
Bishop Loutfy Laham, "Madkhal ela Elrotab Alliturgia wa Roumouzha", Paulist Press, Jounieh, (Lebanon), 1988
Alexander Schmemann, "The Eucharist", St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, Crestwood, (N.Y.), 1988
Alexander Schmemann, "Introduction to Liturgical Theology", The American Orthodox Press, Portland, (Maine), 1966Bishop Basil H. Losten, "Holy Things For The Holy", ???Reproduction of The Vatican's, "Liturgical Prescription", Eastern Christian Publications, Fairfax, (Virginia), 1996
Calendar and Martyrology for the Byzantine Rite - Slavonic Usage - Msgr. John Opalenick, O.E.S.L.
Archimandrite Elias B. Skaff, "My Faithful Guide", Allendale, (N.J.), 1968
Bishop Boutros Mouallem, Horologion "Souaia", Paulist Press, Jounieh, (Lebanon), 1985 & 1995
Bishop Basil H. Losten, "Our Paschal Pilgrimage", Eastern Christian Publications, Fairfax, (Virginia), 1996
Early Sources of the Liturgy, Lucien Deiss, The Liturgical Press, Collegeville (Minnesota), 1975
Many other references - too many to mention - were consulted for this work.
Without the help, encouragement, and advice of Khoureeyeh Simone, my wife, I could not have accomplished this task. We are completing this Typicon for all those of us who want to preserve our Liturgical Tradition and present it to the world by using the newest technological techniques. Please use it, enjoy it, and say a little prayer for us.
Working on CyberTypicon, I discovered a tremendous wisdom and wealth in the work of Father Abel Couturier. I am grateful for his efforts of collecting, documenting, and commenting on the practices of the Melkite Liturgical tradition. CyberTypicon is principally based on Father Couturier's labor of love. May Our Lord God Grant Father Couturier blessed repose and eternal memory.
CyberTypicon is not a closed project. CyberTypicon will always grow and change as our lives and practices change. You are invited to participate by getting in touch with us, submitting your suggestions, giving your opinion, or just encouraging us. You are always welcome!
The purpose of this Web Site is to introduce "CyberTypicon2015" and to familiarize all visitors with the beauty of our Byzantine Tradition. This computer program automates the practices and prayers of the Melkite Catholic Church and to a certain extend many of the Byzantine Churches. It simplifies the complexities encountered with some Feasts occurrences and maintains uniformity and compliance in our regal liturgical celebrations.
"CyberTypicon2015" has a different design and concept than "CyberTypicon V4" and adds many enhancements and improvements that hopefully will prove helpful and practical.
Two thousand years of Christian living formed, defined, and enhanced the way we pray. It is evident that we can draw beneficial insight and knowledge from every task we undertake in preparing our Liturgies. Unfortunately, even with the smallest task of defining the Troparia or a Kinonikon for a Leave-taking of a Feast, someone can enter a maze of contradictory practices. Regrettably, over the years deviations infiltrated our practices and added complexity to the variations practiced in different parts of the world and in different Churches.
The main Typicon(s) did not intend to limit the dynamic nature of our Celebrations, but their mere existence attests to the need of some order and uniformity. "CyberTypicon2015” attempts to recover, compile, and simplify our meager and yet rich documentation; It follows the Melkite Church's common practices, which may or may not be common with the practices of other Eastern Churches.
Finally, I would like you view "CyberTypicon2015” and Typicon.com as the fruit of a deep love and awe for our Theology, Spirituality, Liturgy and Tradition. Let us all echo the remarks of our Patriarch Maximos IV Sayegh of Antioch at Vatican II:
"We must not allow the adaptation of the liturgy to become an obsession. The liturgy, like the inspired writings, has a permanent value apart from the circumstances giving rise to it. Before altering a rite we should make sure that a change is strictly necessary. The liturgy has an impersonal character and also has universality in space and time. It is, as it were, timeless and thus enables us to see the divine aspect of eternity. These thoughts will enable us to understand what at first seem shocking in some of the prayers of the Liturgy - feasts that seem no longer appropriate, antiquated gestures, calls to vengeance which reflect a pre-Christian mentality, anguished cries in the darkness of the night, and so on. It is good to feel oneself thus linked with all the ages of mankind. We pray not only with our contemporaries but with men who have lived in all centuries."